Ibn Al Baitar
(1248AD of Malaqa, Spain)
The Greatest Scientist of Muslim Spain & The Greatest Botanist and Pharmicist of Middle Ages
Books written by Him:
Kitab al Jami fi Al adviya Al Mufrada. Is one the greatest compilations dealing with Medicinal plants in Arabic – Enjoyed a high among Botanists upto the 16th century.
His Achievements & Contributions:
- In 1227AD collected plants in Syria.
- Started collecting plants in and around Spain.
- Appointed Chief Herbalist with Al kamil the Egyptian Governor.
- Contributions characterized by Observations, analysis and classification.
- Provided names in Greek and Latin, paving way for transfer of knowledge.
- Exerted a profound influence on Eastern as well as Western Botany and Medicine.
- References drawn from works of 150 Arabic authors & quotes from 20 early Greek Scientists.
- Left Spain on a plant collecting expedition along the northern coast of Africa as far as Asia Minor in 1210AD.
- Kitab al Jami – a systematic work that embodies earlier work, with due criticisom and adds a great part of original contribution.The Encyclopedia comprises of 1400 different medicinal plants and vegetables of which about 200 plants were not known earlier.